This indicator attempts to estimate the emissions resulting from the economic activity (both foreign and domestic) required to meet a nation’s demand for goods and services, reflecting the implications of a nation’s consumption and lifestyle choices. Consumption-based emissions are often referred to as a nation’s carbon footprint.
Consumption-based emissions are designed to provide a complementary perspective on New Zealand’s emissions profile by shifting the lens from producer to consumer.
Consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions are measured in kilotonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (kt CO₂-e), while the carbon footprint is measured in tonnes CO₂-e per capita.
In 2017 New Zealand’s carbon footprint was
Note: At this stage in its development this indicator is considered experimental due to the assumptions required regarding the emissions intensities of imports.
The value of greenhouse gases produced by NZ is different to that of the existing Gross greenhouse gas emissions indicator and care should be taken when comparing these values due to methodological and conceptual differences. For more information on how the different measures of New Zealand’s emissions relate to each other see Approaches to measuring New Zealand’s greenhouse gas emissions.